Many people don’t realise how important the gums are to the appearance of their smile. Some patients have excessive amounts of gum tissue covering their teeth, resulting in a ‘gummy smile’.
Reasons for a gummy smile
- The muscles around the lips are stronger than usual and hyperactive. This can pull the lips up high when you smile, showing more gum.
- The upper jaw bone is longer and bigger than normal.
- The upper lip can be disproportionate in size and reveal too much gum.
- The teeth have naturally erupted further downwards, or the teeth have worn down over time, both of which will cause more gum to show.
- There is naturally too much gum that has grown over the tooth, and there is a lot of tooth still hiding underneath the gum.
Treatment options for a gummy smile
The options are varied depending on the reason for the gummy smile, and some people have multiple factors that are involved.
- Orthodontic treatment with braces and pin surgery to lift up the smile.
- Gingivectomy or gum reshaping to remove excess gum.
- Jaw surgery to reduce the amount of upper jaw bone showing.
- Facial Injections to reduce the hyperactivity of the muscles of the lips.
- Cosmetic treatment such as veneers to increase the length of worn down teeth.